Transit Oriented Development (TOD) Policy
The TOD Policy will be heard at a joint meeting of the Transportation and Infrastructure Committee and Planning, Zoning and Economic Development Committee on Thursday, May 26 at 9:30 am on the 26th Floor of City Hall.
-View the ordinance
The draft policy document was approved by City Plan Commission on Tuesday, April 19, 2016.
What is Transit Oriented Development (TOD)?
Transit-Oriented Development (TOD) is an approach to development that focuses land uses around a transit station or within a transit corridor in order to maximize access to frequent, high-quality transit and the benefits it provides. TOD is characterized by dense, compact development with a mix of uses in a pedestrian-oriented environment. The design, configuration, and mix of uses reinforce the use of public transportation, and enhance the vitality of the area.
Why do we need a TOD Policy?
TOD can expand the walkability and livability of Kansas City by providing economic opportunity, increasing housing choices, and expanding mobility options along transit corridors and at existing and future transit stations. The TOD Policy will provide a foundation to guide both public and private investment at transit stops and along transit corridors. The initiatives in this document range from high-level citywide policy recommendations to specific design standards and the reprioritization of the City’s capital improvement program. The TOD Policy is intended to apply to all potential TOD locations citywide and for all modes of transit (bus, streetcar, and other rail). It is designed to assist with the implementation of existing recommendations in adopted City plans and provide a coherent vision for leveraging transit investments throughout the City.
A TOD Policy is an important first step to ensure public transit investments are accompanied by new development and economic activity for several reasons:
- It creates a broad framework to incorporate TOD policies and principles into existing plans and future plan updates;
- It guides more detailed planning and dialogue for specific neighborhoods and station areas.
- It identifies potential barriers to TOD in existing plans and policies and outlines a corrective course of action;
- It assists in prioritizing capital investments to maximize benefit and leverage limited resources.
- It facilitates improved coordination of City agencies and departments to support TOD; and,
- It identifies potential areas to strategically focus investment and development. Development Policy identifies the critical elements of a successful TOD and provides a concise program of initiatives to implement TOD in Kansas City.
How was this draft created?
This TOD Policy is an outgrowth of a variety of initiatives and policies including the Nextrail Phase II Streetcar Expansion Plan, Smart Moves Regional Transit Plan, Greater Downtown Area Plan and others. As areas along the new Downtown streetcar line continue to develop, special attention needs to be paid to ensure that the overall design of new development supports this significant public investment and contributes to the attractiveness and energy of Downtown. And as the streetcar system is expanded beyond Downtown, these transit investments must be accompanied by appropriate land use policy to increase the size and amount of these walkable neighborhoods.
In addition to streetcar, the TOD Policy also explores approaches to encouraging transit oriented development along other types of transit corridors such as future commuter rail corridors and station areas, and potentially along MAX/Bus Rapid Transit routes.
Additional TOD Resources
Kansas City planning staff participated in a two-day FTA/Smart Growth America Technical Assistance Workshop for Transit Oriented Development guidance along the Prospect MAX BRT. Learn more about the Aug. 30-31st workshop.
Please contact Gerald Williams with any questions or comments.
Gerald (Bo) Williams, AICP
Long Range Planning & Preservation
City Planning and Development
City of Kansas City, Mo.
16th Floor, City Hall
414 E. 12th Street, Kansas City, MO 64106
816-513-2897 (p) | 816-513-2838 (f)